The CBOC has adopted the following code:
- The welfare of the birds must always have the highest priority
Do not cause stress to birds or expose them to danger during observation, photography or
recording. Do not approach too closely or interfere with their natural behaviour. Try not to put
resting birds to flight.
- Adjust your behaviour to the location
Walk slowly, speak quietly, drive cautiously.
- Approach nests carefully and do not stay nearby for long periods
Your visit may assist predators to find eggs or young and your continued presence may drive the
- Do not harass birds by repeated disturbance
Accept good distant views of a bird rather than risk causing stress through approaching too closely
or putting them to flight. Excessive spotlighting, or repeated playback or imitation of calls can
cause stress. Shining spotlights or laser lights directly into bird's eyes is unacceptable. Beating
bushes or dragging ropes to flush birds is inappropriate.
- Keep habitat disturbance to a minimum
Where possible, walk or drive on formed roads, tracks and paths to minimise disturbance to bird
habitat and to the birds. Avoid disturbance around nests, display areas and roost sites.
- Consider the consequences of attracting birds
Providing food, water or artificial nest hollows can be beneficial, but may, in some situations,
expose birds to predation.
- Respect the rights of landholders
Always obtain permission to enter their land. Always leave gates as you found them and do not
- Follow all rules, laws & regulations governing public areas
- In groups, respect the rights of others
- Raising your voice or pointing excitedly may cause the bird to fly away or spoil the
sighting for others.
- Consider whether you are blocking other observers and if so, when you have seen the
bird, move away to make room for them.
- Be helpful to beginners and always try to encourage others to appreciate birds.
- On group outings, the group leader must accept responsibility for enforcing the club's
Code of Birding Ethics.
- The leader must take into account the cumulative effect of a number of people
approaching a bird.
Remember that all bird observers will be judged by your actions.
Application of the Code of Birding Ethics to Photography
Photography can disturb birds
Bird photographers must recognise that their activities are in many instances different from
those of bird observers. Typically, a photographer will usually spend more time in close
proximity to a bird.
In order to capture the best images photographers may inadvertently:
- move too close to birds;
- spend too much time near birds; and
- intrude on other birds while concentrating on those they wish to photograph.
- Nesting sites should not be altered or interfered with in any way
Usually, photography at a nest should be avoided. It is important to remember the removal of foliage
around the nest site is not acceptable. Birds choose nesting sites because of the protection offered:
altering the site may result in the elimination of shade or open the nest to predators.
- Great care should be taken if birds are to be fed
The feeding of birds to encourage them into a more 'photogenic' position, should only be practised
with the greatest of care. Where feeding a bird may expose it to danger, feeding should be avoided.
- The use of temporary hides requires careful consideration
Birds should not be stressed by the use of a hide. Birds can become accustomed to a hide over a
period of days, by gradually moving it into position for photography. Care must be taken to ensure
the hide is not so close as to cause disturbance to the bird.
- Care needs to be exercised if a flashlight is to be used
Use of a flashlight may cause birds to be temporarily blinded, putting them at risk. Using a flashlight
near a nest may cause birds to abandon the nest or cause the young to fall.
- On group outings, the group leader must accept responsibility for enforcing the club's Code of
The leader must take into account the cumulative effect of a number people approaching a bird. It
may be acceptable for one person to spend 10 minutes photographing a particular bird, but 10
photographers each spending 10 minutes, could cause the bird distress.
Photographers must be aware of the stress caused to birds by their presence and
move back at the first indication that a bird is becoming unduly stressed or agitated.